Gallienus ruled as sole emperor from A.D. 260-268 during one of the most difficult times in the history of the empire. Not only was the empire facing natural disasters and invasions on all sides but he had to face at least eight rebellions from his own governors and generals! He issued a fantastic group of bronze Antoninianus coins to honour the Gods, asking for their protection against these troubles. Though made in Europe, these coins were used in Britain and are a large part of the Mildenhall Hoard in the British Museum. Depicted on these coins are a variety of animals, some real and some mythical, each linked to one of the Roman deities. This series is known as the 'Gallienus Zoo Coins' and make a great set to try to complete. From this series, we offer here the Gazelle, identified as different to the antelope by the numbers ‘XI’ or ‘XII’ underneath and the straight horns. These are designed to honour Diana, the sister of Apollo and the goddess of the hunt. This is likely to bring luck to hunting and like her brother, for plagues and disease. The coins are at least Very Fine but because of the chaos at the time remember they may be a little weakly struck. As always the first to order will get the best. This is the last to complete the set we have available!
Massalia is the ancient name of the French city of Marseilles. Established about 600 B.C. by Greek colonists coming from Phocaea (now Foça, in modern Turkey) it soon became rich as the link between Northern Europe and the Mediterranean. One citizen, Pytheas, sailed North between 330-320 B.C. to find a cheaper sea trade route for Cornish Tin. While exploring he was the first to link the tides to the moon, the first Mediterranean to see floating sea ice, the Midnight Sun in the arctic, and to explore the British Isles! He travelled around the coast by boat and on the land on foot. The coins on offer here are Silver Obols struck between Ca. 350-150 B.C., the peak of Massalia’s prosperity. They show the head of Apollo on the obverse and on the reverse a wheel with ‘M-A’. They are Very Fine in grade but typically some are slightly off struck. As always the first to order will get the best.
Seleukid Kingdom. Antiochos I. 280-261 B.C. Seleucia on the Tigris. AR Tetradrachm. Diad. head of Antiochos with middle-aged features / Naked Apollo seated L. on Omphalos holding arrow; Monograms to L. & R. About Very Fine & Scarce as early in the dynasty.